Server-side scripts are the instructions run on the servers hosting your website when a user visits a particular page. For example, you could use PHP scripts to call a database to retrieve availability and pricing information about a specific product or request the five most recent blog posts. The script runs when a page is requested, allowing you to populate it with the latest information without generating the page in advance. Frameworks make building and maintaining experiences with a particular language easier by providing tools and libraries that simplify everyday tasks (such as authenticating users or making database calls). Creating every possible permutation of each webpage in advance as static HTML and CSS would be very inefficient.
Job control languages and shells
In contrast, scripting is more specialized and mainly involves automating repetitive tasks or enhancing existing software. Coding equips you with the skills to build entire systems, while scripting is often used to streamline specific functions within those systems. GML is interpreted by GameMaker Studio 2 that you need to purchase if you want to develop games in this scripting language. However, there are also many Groovy implementations that let you use it as a scripting language. The most popular ones are the Grails web application framework (formerly known as Groovy on Grails) and the Gradle build automation tool, but there are several others too. Most importantly, it doesn’t make much sense to speak about frontend vs backend scripting languages, even though many articles you’ll find all over the web use this kind of grouping.
All of the most popular programming languages have their differences, with more or less overlap between them, and it takes time to learn how to use each one effectively. Today, almost all code is written in one of many programming languages, which have their own libraries, documentation and syntax. In this section, we will provide examples of server-side scripting languages and notable details about them. Learn more about PHP, Java, and Perl scripting languages, what is scripting among others, in the table below. Finally, as with any programming language, choosing the correct scripting language for a project will depend on several factors, including your specific use case, the existing ecosystem, and you and your team’s previous experience. Perl is best known as a language for writing text-manipulation scripts, whether writing regular expressions (regex), parsing HTML, manipulating JSON files, or extracting data from log files.
Interpreted vs Compiled Programming Languages
You can use loose paper, a notebook, or you may even prefer to type out your scripting entries on your phone or computer. Before you start scripting it pays to have a think about what materials you might need. With the success, I have had with this method I figured it would be a great idea to dedicate an entire article to scripting for beginners.
Learn Latest Tutorials
This allows you to tackle complex challenges, develop custom solutions, and work on a wide range of projects. Finally, before learning a new scripting language, it’s always a good idea to check out its current popularity using the TIOBE index or GitHut. It can also be used in web development, as both Apache and Nginx servers have a Lua module (here’s Apache’s mod_lua, and here’s Nginx’s ngx_http_lua_module). Wikipedia chose Lua as its template scripting language, and the UI of Adobe Photoshop Lightroom is written in Lua as well. The word ‘lua’ means ‘moon’ in Portuguese, as the language is developed and maintained by the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil.